THE FIRST CRUSADE
         (1095-1099)

 
 
BASIC INFORMATION HISTORIANS' ACCOUNTS KEY CRUSADERS
THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR PRIMARY SOURCES OTHER CRUSADES

BASIC INFORMATION:

 Crusade Chronology

 P. Halsall's Crusade Outline
 

 The First Crusade, 1099 :  A clickable map of all Europe in 1099.
 

 Map and Chronology of the First Crusades
 

Dr. Skip Knox's Crusades Pages :  Here you will find an incredible amount of information solely on the First Crusade, written by Dr. Knox.

 Crusades - Crusading Vows and Privleges :  This tells of what happened BEFORE leaving on the Crusade.  A must read.
 

The Crusader and Ayyubid PeriodTHIS IS A GREAT PLACE TO BEGIN!  This site contains information of the sites, typical food, common costumes, prominent people, and water systems of the Crusader Period.
 

 Crusades in Art

Crusades

 REALLY DETAILED CRUSADE INFORMATION
 

Ill-Fated Crusade of the Poor People - Cover Page: February '98 Military History Feature :  Excellent article packed with information.  Check out the military aspects.
 

 Catholic Encyclopedia: CRUSADES :  Lots of excellent information on this site.

 Arador Armour Library:  You'll need weapons and armor to go on the Crusade!
 

 Crusade Report : A student-prepared presentation.  Has lots of basic information on the Crusading period of history.
 

 Pope Urban II's message 
 

 Urban II: Speech at Clermont: Five Versions
 

 Crusades Information: people,arms,etc.
 

 Reconciliation Walk: The Crusades:  This site has some information on the Crusades, and information on a group of people who followed the same route in 1996.
 

 Crusades :  A student-generated (gifted 4th and 5th graders) page on the role of knights in the crusades.
 

 Christian Crusades Positively Impacted the East and the West:  A look at the effects.
 
 

 Crusades: A Defensive Gesture :  An essay defending the Christian role in the Crusades.
 
 
 
 

PRIMARY SOURCES:

 Documents Related to the First Crusade

Peter the Hermit and the Popular Crusade: Collected Accounts

The Crusaders Journey to Constantinople: Collected Accounts

 The Crusaders at Constantinople: Collected Accounts

Anna Comnena: On A Rude Crusader:  This was written by the daughter of Emperor Alexis.

 The Siege and Capture of Nicea: Collected Accounts

 The Siege and Capture of Antioch: Collected Accounts

The Siege and Capture of Jerusalem: Collected Accounts
 

Crusader Letters

Annales Herbipolenses, s.a. 1147: A Hostile View of the Crusade:  A look at the crusades from the other side of the fence.
 

 Ekkehard of Aurach: On the Opening of the First Crusade
 
 


 

HISTORIANS' ACCOUNTS:
 
 

 Fulcher (Fulk) of Chartres: Chronicle :  Covers Urban II's speech at Clermont, The capture of Jerusalem, and the Latins in the Levant.

 Guibert de Nogent: Historia quae dicitur Gesta Dei per Francos :  Covers Urban II's speech and information on Peter the Hermit.
 

 Albert of Aix: Chronicle :  Detailed information on Peter the Hermit, the Slaughter of the Jews, the end of the Popular Crusade, and Godfrey of Bouillon in Constantinople.

 Anna Comnena: The Alexiad :  Includes The Arrival of the Crusaders, The Byzantines Save Peter the Hermit, Hugh the Great of France, Godfrey of Bouillon, The Bad Manners of a Crusading Prince, Bohemund, Raymond of Toulouse, and The Victory at Nicea.
 

 Raymund d'Aguiliers: Historia Francorum qui ceperunt Iherusalem :  This is an account by the chaplain of Raymond of Giles, Count of Toulouse, who led the First Crusade.  THIS GUY COVERS IT ALL!
 
 


 

KEY CRUSADERS:

 Peter the Hermit :  A primary source by  William of Tyre.

 Godfrey de Bouillon

 William of Tyre: Godfrey Of Bouillon Becomes "Defender Of The Holy Sepulcher

 Catholic Encyclopedia: Bernard of Clairvaux  and  Encyclopedia Brittanica: Bernard of Clairvaux

 Profile - Saint Bernhard of Clairvaux

 Pope Urban
 
 

THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR AND OTHER
ORDERS:
 


 The Knights Templar Preceptory Portcullis :  This is the most complete source on the Knights templar on the Web.
 

 Founding of the Knights Templar

 Catholic Encyclopedia: THE KNIGHTS TEMPLARS

 Order of the Templars

 Primitive Rule of the Templars

 The First Templars and  The Taking of Antioch in the First Crusade by the Knights Templar.

 The Knights of the Teutonic Order

 The Order of Hospitallers

  The Order of St. Lazarus
 

OTHER CRUSADES:


 Second Crusade ,Third Crusade, Fourth Crusade , Fifth Crusade , Sixth Crusade, Seventh Crusade:  Fantastic information by Dr. E. L. Knox at Boise State University.
 

The Children's Crusade:  What a disaster!
 
 

 Cologne Chronicle: The Children's Crusade, 1212