Christopher Columbus
                 Research Site

General Sites
Biography Sites
Primary Sources

General Sites:

Life at Sea:  Check out life at sea section, and others.  Lots of good information here.

Columbus and the Age of Discovery Page :  Huge site with lots of information.

The Columbus Navigation Homepage:has it all

 1492: An Ongoing Voyage Exhibit :  From the Library of Congress.  It is extensive.

Christopher Columbus:  Nice site

 The Exploration of Christopher Columbus:  From the Mariners' Museum - Newport News, Virginia.  Eceptional site.

Christopher Columbus:  A collection of basic information from

 Columbus link page

Columbus Day site: Gives some brief information

Columbus's Exploration of the New World

Who was Christopher Columbus?

Christopher Columbus's Journey

Biography Sites:

 Columbus the Man : Psychological profile.

Christopher Columbus Biography - Columbus Day

Christopher Columbus by nndb:  Lots of good biographical info here.

Christopher Columbus - Christopher Columbus

Tirado: Christopher Columbus.pdf

Controversal Historical Image of Columbus

Columbus Controversy:  Multimedia site from the History Channel (7 short videos). 

Columbus' Confusion About the New World

 Columbus and Spain- Accident or Destiny-

Columbus and the Discovery of Self

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Christopher Columbus

 Christopher Columbus: Man and Myth

Christopher Columbus:  Concise information

 Christopher Columbus : Thomas C. Tirado, Ph.D., Professor History, Millersville University

 The True Story of Christopher Columbus, Called the Great Admiral

Christopher Columbus: Genius of the Sea :

 Columbus the man: Modern Psychology on a Medieval Basis : by Paolo Emilio Taviani
 Why did Columbus Sail? by Kevin A. Miller
These two essays discuss Columbus as a person.  They
discuss his real motivation and reveal Christopher's

A Critical Study on the Origin of Christopher Columbus:  : extensive
     discussion on the controversies around
     Columbus's descent and youth.

Christopher Columbus and the Spanish Empire: From the University of Calgary



Columbus' First Voyage

 European Voyages of Exploration: Christopher Columbus


A New World:  The First Voyage of Christopher Columbus (1492)

Christopher Columbus: Beyond the Textbook by Glencoe

HowStuffWorks: Christopher Columbus First Voyage: The other voyages are also here.

1492 Voyage Timeline Facts

Christopher Columbus: Navigation and failures

 Christopher Columbus shipwrecks, voyages, and ships

Christopher Columbus - Early career and first voyage

 The First Voyage

Columbus First Voyage Crew List

Christopher Columbus: List of Officers and Sailors in the First Voyage of Columbus

The First New World Voyage of Christopher Columbus (1492)

 The First Voyage of Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus’ Santa María:  Great information on what the first voyage was like, who was there, style of dress, everyday life, jobs onboard ship, salaries and more.

Christopher Columbus Ships

 Columbus's Ships  and  Christopher Columbus Timeline

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS . . . His Gastronomic Persona: What and how they ate on his voyages.

 European Voyages of Exploration - Home Page

Columbus's Second, Third and Forth Voyages to America

Primary Sources:

 Medieval Sourcebook: Columbus' letter to the King and Queen of Spain, 1494

Medieval Sourcebook: Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal

Translated Log of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to the New World:  

 Columbus' Description of the Discovery of America : An extract of Columbus' journal.  The words of Christopher Columbus describing the natives and America.


Christopher Columbus in Print- Primary and Secondary Sources

Columbus Letters - Translation of his work.

The Journal of Christopher Columbus (1492)

Privileges and Prerogatives Granted by Their Catholic Majesties to Christopher Columbus

Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain. Privileges and Prerogatives Granted by Their    
    Catholic Majesties to Christopher Columbus
. 1492. MS. Yale Law School,    
    Granada. Avalon Project - Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy. Lillian
     Goldman Law Library, 2008. Web. 04 Mar. 2011.    

Columbus's Letter to Gabriel Sanchez (1493)

 Repositories of Primary Sources :  A listing of over 3700 websites describing holdings of manuscripts, archives, rare books, historical  photographs, and other primary sources for the research scholar.

 EuroDocs: Western European Primary Historical Documents   :  The following  links connect to Western European (mainly primary) historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated.

 ORB: The Library: Sources of Primary Documents on the Internet

 The Avalon Project : Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance Documents

          Discoverers Web: Primary sources :
    Check here for specific explorer's works. A MUST SEE SITE!

 Exploration and Empire :  Contains lots of primary texts about exploration.

 The Mind of the Conqueror  :  This has some super primary source documents.

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This Page created by Ms. Mary Weidenhaft
Social Studies Department
Sullivan High School
Sullivan, Missouri
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