Welcome to the Salon

A salon is a gathering of men and women to participate in formal and informal discussion centered around a specific topic. A Salonnière, the woman who ran the salon, decided upon the topic which may include politics, literature, art, fashion and business. This type of gathering was held in the drawing room (salon in French) of the salonnières home. The participants sought to increase their knowledge through conversation and readings.

Choose a character...

Mary Astell
Cesare Beccaria
Catherine II the Great
 Enlightened Despot
Rene Descartes
Denis Diderot

Frederick II the Great
Enlightened Despot
Marie-Therese Geoffrin
Salonnière/Patron of Literature
Edward Gibbon
William Harvey
Thomas Hobbes
Political Philosopher

     David Hume
Philosopher (Ethics)
     Thomas Jefferson
Edward Jenner
Joseph II
Enlightened Despot
Gotthold Lessing
Philosopher (Religious)

John Locke
Louis XV
King of France
Maria Theresa
Enlightened Despot
Baron de Montesquieu
Wolfgang Amadeus  Mozart

Isaac Newton
    Thomas Paine
William Penn
Madame de Pompadour
Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Andreas Vesalius
Mary Wollstonecraft
Jean le Rond d'Alembert
Emilie du Chatelet

Peter the Great
Enlightened Despot
Benjamin Franklin
John Adams
Benjamin Rush


Mary Astell

Mary Astell

Mary Astell (1668-1731)

Mary Astell (c.1666-1731)

Literary Encyclopedia- Mary Astell

Mary Astell (English author) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Mary Astell - Encyclopedia.com

Mary Astell Criticism

Mary Astell — Infoplease.com

The Works of Mary Astell

Mary Astell - LoveToKnow 1911

Mary Astell - The Columbia Encyclopedia


Cesare Beccaria

Cesare Beccaria [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

Cesare Beccaria

Modern History Sourcebook- Beccaria- Crimes and Punishments

Cesare Beccaria -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Cesare Beccaria

Cesare Beccaria

Cesare Beccaria « Minds, Meaning and Morals

Cesare Beccaria

Cesare Beccaria- Biography.com

Catherine the Great

 Catherine The Great : Concise.

 Catherine the Great : Incredible Site!!!

 Catherine II - The Enlightened Despot : University lecture highlights the negative impact of the great ruler's reign on the common Russian people. Requires RealPlayer.

Catherine the Great

Catherine the Great

History House Catherine and Peter The Odd Couple

Catherine the Great

Catherine II. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07

Catherine the Great - MSN Encarta

The State Hermitage Museum Collection Highlights

 Ekaterina II Alexeevna the Great :  Read about the ascension of this German princess to the throne of Imperial Russia and her legacy as a ruler.

 The Alexander Palace Time Machine Bios - Catherine the Great :  Excellent site.

 History & Culture of Russia / The Romanovs :  Scroll about halfway down for Catherine.

 Catherine II the Great, Empress of Russia : Personal anecdotes of the Imperial ruler's character and leadership highlight this biography.

 Catherine and Peter: The Odd Couple : The troubled relationship between Peter and Catherine, in detail. Continues with the story of Catherine's ascension to the throne at Peter's death.

 Modern History Sourcebook: Catherine the Great :  PRIMARY SOURCES WRITTEN BY CATHERINE II

The Dramatic Works of Catherine II

BBC - History - Catherine the Great (1729 – 1796)

Tsarskoe Selo - History - Part Five-The Golden Age of Catherine the Great

Rene Descartes

Rene Descartes (1596 - 1650)

Rene Descartes

Rene Descartes


René Descartes -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia


René Descartes

Descartes' Life and Works (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Rene Descartes

Descartes, René (1596–1650) Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online

Island of Freedom - René Descartes

René Descartes [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

Descartes, René (1596-1650) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography

MODERN PHILOSOPHY The Philosophy of Rationalism: Scroll down a little.

Descartes summary - Click on version for printing.

Rene Descartes and the Legacy of Mind-Body Dualism


René Descartes

René Descartes. The 17th Century French Philosopher

Rene Descartes - MSN Encarta

René Descartes A Who2 Profile

René Descartes - Philosopher - Biography

SparkNotes René Descartes

Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Denis Diderot Biography

Literary Encyclopedia Denis Diderot

DIDEROT, Denis (1713-84)

Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert - Collaborative Translation Project


Malaspina Great Books - Denis Diderot (1713)

Denis Diderot and Jean Le Rond d'Alembert

Denis Diderot - Encyclopedia.com

Diderot, Denis. The Columbia Encyclopedia

British Humanist Associatio-Denis Diderot

Denis Diderot- A Who2 Profile

Diderot - MSN Encarta

Denis Diderot — Infoplease.com

Denis Diderot - LoveToKnow 1911

Denis Diderot Biography

Denis Diderot@Everything2.com

Denis Diderot, French writer and philosopher (1713-84)

Frederick the Great

Fredericus Rex- Prussia's King Frederick the Great

The Youth of Frederick the Great

Frederick The Great of Prussia

Howstuffworks "History of Germany"

Frederick the Great 1740-1786

Frederick II (of Prussia) - MSN Encarta

Frederick the Great

Frederick the Great- King of Prussia

Frederick The Great

Frederick II, king of Prussia. The Columbia Encyclopedia

Frederick II -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Voltaire with Frederick the Great of Prussia

Online Reader- Frederick The Great and His Family - Project Gutenberg

HOASM At the Court of Frederick the Great

Carlyle's History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great

Frederick II- Kaiser of Prussia

Frederick II of Prussia - LoveToKnow 1911

Frederick II - Encyclopedia.com

Frederick the Great His Personal Qualities

TheHistoryNet | Military History | Frederick The Great- The First ...

Modern History Sourcebook- Frederick II- Essay on Government

Frederick the Great's Military Instruction to Generals

Frederick the Great Testament

AntiMachiavelli by Frederick the Great

Marie-Therese Rodet Geoffrin

Marie Geoffrin - LoveToKnow 1911

Madame Geoffrin


Marie-Thérèse Geoffrin Information and Much More from Answers.com

NMWA Private Collection Presumed Portrait of Madame Geoffrin

Nextext- Geoffrin


Edward Gibbon

The Edward Gibbon Page

Gibbon - Historian - Part I and

Gibbon - Historian - Part 2

Edward Gibbon

Edward Gibbon

Edward Gibbon -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Gibbon, Edward

Edward Gibbon - LoveToKnow 1911

Gibbon, Edward. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07

Edward Gibbon Roman Empire Decline & Fall biography life

Edward Gibbon - Encyclopedia.com

Edward Gibbon

Edward Gibbon - MSN Encarta

Edward Gibbon — Infoplease.com

Edward Gibbon@Everything2.com

Edward Gibbon, English historian (1737-94)

William Harvey

William Harvey

William Harvey (1578 - 1657)

The Scientists William Harvey (1578-1657).

Harvey, William (1578-1657) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Science

BBC - History - William Harvey (1578 - 1657)

William Harvey

Modern History Sourcebook- William Harvey (1578-1657)

Red Gold . Innovators & Pioneers . William Harvey | PBS

William Harvey - MSN Encarta

William Harvey — Infoplease.com

No. 336 William Harvey

William Harvey - Encyclopedia.com

William Harvey - LoveToKnow 1911

Harvey, William

William Harvey Online

William Harvey Biography (1578-1657)

Harvey, William (1578-1657)

Harvey's Circulation Experiment

William Harvey and the Circulation of the Blood

Timeline- Dr. William Harvey, 1578–1657 - MedHunters

Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes -- Moral and Politcal Philosophy [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes — Infoplease.com

Hobbes Life

Thomas Hobbes- A Who2 Profile

Thomas Hobbes - MSN Encarta

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)

Thomas Hobbes - Encyclopedia.com

Hobbes's Moral and Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Thomas Hobbes

BBC - History - Thomas Hobbes- Balancing Dominion and Liberty

Thomas Hobbes

Political Philosophy Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Quotes. On Politics, Wisdom and the Dynamic Unity of Reality

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679).

Human Intelligence Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes - LoveToKnow 1911

Island of Freedom - Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes, 1588-1679

A Survey of Mr. Hobbes' His Leviathan

Lecture on Hobbes

The Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes

David Hume

David Hume (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

David Hume- Life and Writings [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]


The Philosophy of David Hume

Introduction to David Hume

David Hume

David HUME

David Hume Philosophy Explaining Hume's Problem of Causation, Skepticism. Philosopher David Hume Quotes


Philosophers David Hume

David Hume

David Hume (1711-76).

David Hume - LoveToKnow 1911

David Hume, Biography The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics Library of Economics and Liberty

Ty's David Hume Homepage

BBC - Radio 4 - In Our Time - Greatest Philosopher - David Hume

David Hume Project

The Hume Society

Modern History Sourcebook- David Hume- On Miracles

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, by David Hume (chapter7)

David Hume -- Moral Theory [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

Philosophy- Squashed Hume- Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding - Condensed Abridged

Thomas Jefferson

Biography of Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson's Monticello

Thomas Jefferson Digital Archive

The Thomas Jefferson Papers - (American Memory from the Library of Congress

Thomas Jefferson Online

Life of Thomas Jefferson

The Forgotten Essentials of Jefferson's Philosophy

The Life-Centered Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson on Politics & Government- Front Page

Another side of Thomas Jefferson he was the icon who drafted

Thomas Jefferson and His Writings

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson - EnchantedLearning.com

Thomas Jefferson - Autobiography

The Avalon Project - The Papers of Thomas Jefferson

Encyclopedia Americana- Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson - His Life as an Inventor

Edward Jenner

Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccination

BBC - History - Edward Jenner (1749 - 1823)

Edward Jenner

Edward Jenner

Edward Jenner Museum

EDWARD JENNER (1749-1823)

Edward Jenner

Jenner, Edward Encyclopedia of Public Health

Edward Jenner (www.whonamedit.com)

BBC - Famous People - Edward Jenner

Edward Jenner

Edward Jenner@Everything2.com

Modern History Sourcebook Edward Jenner (1749-1823) Three Original Publications On Vaccination Against Smallpox, 1798


Edward Jenner — Infoplease.com

Edward Jenner

Edward Jenner - LoveToKnow 1911

Edward Jenner - MSN Encarta

Edward Jenner Biography (1749-1823)

Edward Jenner - Encyclopedia.com and

Edward Jenner - Encyclopedia.com

Edward Jenner- A Who2 Profile

Joseph II

Joseph II. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07


Joseph II - LoveToKnow 1911

Joseph II — Infoplease.com

Joseph II - MSN Encarta

Joseph II -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Joseph II - Encyclopedia.com

Romania - The Reign of Joseph II

Joseph II. and His Court by L. Muhlbach - Full Text Free Book

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1765-1790)


New Catholic Dictionary- Emperor Joseph II

Joseph II Biography - Biography.com

Joseph II - Knowledge Base, HouseofNames.com

Joseph II@Everything2.com

Austria -- Early reign of Joseph II, 1780-85 -- Britannica Online

Austria -- Late reign of Joseph II, 1785-90 -- Britannica Online

What constitutional changes did Joseph II of Austria make?

How Did Joseph II Of Austria Reform The Education System?

WHKMLA - History of Austria, 1780-1790

Joseph II - MSN Encarta

JewishEncyclopedia.com - GALICIA, Austria


War and Game The Habsburg Monarchy and the Enlightened Despotism of Joseph II

Gotthold Lessing

Gotthold Lessing (1729-1781)

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729-1781)

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Biography and Much More from Answers.com

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

Modern History Sourcebook- Gotthold Ephriam Lessing (1729-1781)

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraïm (1729-1781)

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim - MSN Encarta

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing plays, other works, biographies

John Locke

John Locke (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

John Locke -- Overview [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]

Political Philosophy of John Locke [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

John Locke

SparkNotes John Locke Context and

SparkNotes John Locke Themes, Arguments, and Ideas

Locke, John. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07

John Locke (1632-1704), The Philosopher of Freedom.

Philosphypages.com- John Locke

Island of Freedom - John Locke

John Locke

ILTweb Study Place John Locke

John Locke index

Locke- Government

John Locke Room

EpistemeLinks- Website results for philosopher John Locke

John Locke

John Locke

Modern History Sourcebook- John Locke (1632-1704)- Some Thoughts ...

Locke's Political Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

John Locke- A Letter Concerning Toleration

Second Treatise of Civil Government by John Locke

The Philosophy of John Locke

John Locke

John Locke, 1632-1704

John Locke - Encyclopedia.com

John Locke, Biography The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics Library of Economics and Liberty

John Locke - Defining Knowledge - 1689

Louis XV

BBC - History - Louis XV (1710-1774)

Louis XV, king of France — Infoplease.com

Louis XV

Louis XV, king of France. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition

Louis XV - MSN Encarta

The reign of Louis XV (1723-1774)

Louis XV -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Amsterdam Heritage - Louis XV

Louis XV - Encyclopedia.com

Personalities of Louisiana- Louis XV

Louis XV Asks the Parlements to Desist (1770)

History of King Louis XV of France

Maria Theresa

 Maria Theresa

Maria Theresa - Encyclopaedia Britannica : Provides a lengthy chronicle of the life and reign of the Austrian archduchess who ruled over Hungary and Bohemia. ONE OF THE BEST SITES ON THE WEB.


 Brigitte's Pages: Maria Theresa :  Good site, but you have to scroll down a little.

 Maria Theresa - Catholic Encyclopedia

 Maria Theresa - Hungary's Only Reigning Queen


 Daring Raid on Berlin : Read about the Habsburg dynasty's rule over eighteenth century Hungary and foreign policy and the direction of the army under Maria Theresa.

 Maria Theresa's Reforms - Radio Prague : Article from a series on this history of the Czech republic focuses on the Habsburg Empress' efforts to protect her Empire from foreign invasion.


Baron de Montesquieu (Charles-Louis de Secondat)

Baron de Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat (Stanford)

Charles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Baron de Montesquieu - A Short Biography


Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) - Studyplace

Free Speech Philosophers--Baron de Montesquieu

Montesquieu- The Spirit of Laws

Baron de Montesquieu

Charles Louis de Secondat, baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu - LoveToKnow 1911


Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu - Encyclopedia.com

Charles de Montesquieu - MSN Encarta

Baron de Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat

Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu - Indopedia, the Indological knowledgebase

Charles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu « Minds, Meaning and Morals

HistoryWiz Primary Source

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Island of Freedom - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

The Mozart Project

Essentials of Music - Composers


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart — Infoplease.com

Internet Public Library Music History 102

CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Classical Music Dictionary - Free MP3

SPECTRUM Biographies - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Showcases Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

The Symphony - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Learn - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Arizona Opera

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Salzburg's most famous son

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Web Guide - People in Action

Austria – Culture, Sports, Wellness

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - an overview of the classical composer


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - A Classical Music Profile of Mozart

Composer Biographies . Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart PBS

IMA Hero Wolfgang A. Mozart HH:  Obviously a page for a younger crowd, but I liked it.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart biography - 8notes.com

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart- A Who2 Profile

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Encyclopedia.com

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Biography - Famous Austrian Composers and Music from Vienna

Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton

Newton, Sir Isaac. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07

How Newton Built on Galileo's Ideas

Newton, Isaac (1642-1727) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography

Isaac Newton - MSN Encarta

The Galileo Project

Isaac Newton (1642 - 1727)

Isaac Newton Resources

Newton's Castle Homepage

Newton summary

Sir Isaac Newton Scientist and Mathematician

Newton biography

BBC - History - Isaac Newton (1643 - 1727)

Isaac Newton Biography - Newton's Life, Career, Work - Dr Robert A. Hatch

Newton from PBS

Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton The Universal Law of Gravitation

Isaac Newton

The Scientists- Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727).

Isaac Newton - MSN Encarta

PRINCIPIA Table of Contents

Isaac Newton (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Modern History Sourcebook- Isaac Newton- Optics

Modern History Sourcebook- Isaac Newton- Mathematical Principles

Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton A Who2 Profile

Thomas Paine

Paine, Thomas. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001

Thomas Paine - MSN Encarta

BBC - History - Thomas Paine- Citizen of the World

From Revolution to Reconstruction Biographies Thomas Paine

Tom Paine

Advocates for Self-Government - Libertarian Education

Six Historic Americans Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine On Deism

Thomas Paine (1737-1809) The Pungent Pamphleteer.

Thomas Paine, 1737-1809

Thomas Paine — Infoplease.com

Wired 3.05 The Age of Paine

The LibertyOnline Thomas Paine Library

Common Sense by Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine, Common Sense

Thomas Paine's Common Sense The Most Influential Tract of the American Revolution

Letters Concerning The Age Of Reason

Thomas Paine - The American Crisis

William Penn

Wm. Penn

William Penn - MSN Encarta

William Penn

William Penn & His Legacy Experience Philadelphia

The Life of William Penn

William Penn

William Penn

William Penn Resources

William Penn, by Bill Samuel - QuakerInfo.com

Penn, William, founder of Pennsylvania. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07

William Penn, and his No Cross No Crown

William Penn. 1909-14. Fruits of Solitude. The Harvard Classics - Some writings of Penn.

William Penn to His Wife and Children (1682):  A letter Penn wrote in 1682.  Gives good insights into his character.

William Penn Biography

William Penn, Quaker Universalist

William Penn founder of Pennsylvania

William Penn - Encyclopedia.com

Quakers and the Political Process - Penn's Holy Experiment

William Penn An Interesting Guy to Know

Notes on William Penn: Intriguing insights on Penn by Leibinz.

PHMC- Pennsylvania History

An Abstract of the life of William Penn with Quotations and Links

William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania — Infoplease.com

William Penn

William Penn - Biography of William Penn

The Avalon Project Charter of Privileges Granted by William Penn, esq. to the Inhabitants of Pennsylvania and Territories, October 28, 1701

Madame de Pompadour

Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson, marquise de Pompadour -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Madame de Pompadour - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Madame de Pompadour

Mme de Pompadou by Amanda Foreman

Madame de Pompadour

Madame de Pompadour - Article from FactBug.org - the fast Wikipedia mirror site

JEANNE ANTOINETTE POIS... - Online Information article about JEANNE ANTOINETTE POIS...

Jeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d'Etioles, marquise de Pompadour - LoveToKnow 1911

Madame de Pompadour - MSN Encarta

Madame de Pompadour - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com

BBC - Radio 4 - Woman's Hour -Madame de Pompadour

Illustrious People - Madame de Pompadour

Madame de Pompadour

NG London-Collection Features-The Real Madame de Pompadour

Madame de Pompadour - Louis XV's Mistress

The faces of Madame de Pompadour - International Herald Tribune


Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Encarta- Rousseau

Columbia Encyclopedia- Rousseau

Catholic Encyclopedia- Rousseau

1911 Britannica- Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau Philosopher

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy- Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778)

Rousseau Time Line

jean-jacques rousseau on nature, wholeness and education

TPM Online Article

Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1712-1778

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques The Social Contract and

Rousseau Social Contract

Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-78).

Rousseau On the Origin of Inequality

Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1712-1778

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean Jacques Rousseau - Encyclopedia.com

Jean Jacques Rousseau Quotes - The Quotations Page

Andreas Vesalius

Vesalius (1514-1564) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography

Start Andreas Vesalius

Vesalius - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Andreas Vesalius

Vesalius - Search Results - MSN Encarta

Andreas Vesalius - Encyclopedia.com

Andreas Vesalius

Andreas Vesalius Biography (1514-1564)

Andreas Vesalius

Red Gold . Innovators & Pioneers . Andreas Vesalius PBS


Images from Andreas Vesalius' De Humani Corporis Fabrica, 1543

No. 325 Andreas Vesalius

Comparative Anatomy Andreas Vesalius

BBC - History - Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564)


Andreas Vesalius — Infoplease.com


Bambooweb Andreas Vesalius

Andreas Vesalius

Andreas Vesalius

Andreas Vesalius, Father of Modern Anatomy

Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet)


Great Minds Voltaire vs. Intolerance

Voltaire, Francois Marie Arouet de. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07

François Marie Arouet de Voltaire — Infoplease.com

Voltaire (1694-1778) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific ...

The Philosophes: Scroll down some.

Voltaire | Author and Philosopher



Voltaire - MSN Encarta

François Marie Arouet de Voltaire - Encyclopedia.com

François Marie Arouet de Voltaire, French writer and philosopher (1694-1778)

Voltaire (François Marie Arouet)

Voltaire Bio



GradeSaver ClassicNote Biography of Voltaire

Voltaire . . . Cynic, Humanitarian, Esotericist by Ida Postma

Francois Marie Arouet De Voltaire - LoveToKnow 1911

Francois-Marie Arouet Voltaire - Biography and Works

Voltaire (by Clarence Darrow)


Literature.org - CANDIDE - The Online Literature Library

Candide Free Online Study Guide and Homework Help - CliffsNotes

Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine Full text Voltaire's Candide

Section 5 Voltaire (1694-1778) Letters on Newton  -Shaping of the Modern World-Brooklyn College

Voltaire A Treatise on Tolerance

Voltaire Quotes - The Quotations Page

Voltaire: his writings.

Voltaire A Treatise on Toleration

Voltaire - Google Search

Notes on Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary

Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mary Wollstonecraft


Mary Wollstonecraft, 1759-1797

Mary Wollstonecraft - A Vindication of the Rights of Woman - Overview

Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)

BBC - History - Mary Wollstonecraft- A 'Speculative and Dissenting ...

BBC - Radio 4 - Woman's Hour -Mary Wollstonecraft

British Humanist Association

Mary Wollstonecraft - MSN Encarta

Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft - Encyclopedia.com

Mary Wollstonecraft Women's Roles Prominent Feminist Writer of the 17th Century

Mary Wollstonecraft — Infoplease.com

Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley - LoveToKnow 1911

Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851)

Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)

Women's History - Biographies - Mary Woolstonecraft

Wollstonecraft, Mary. 1792. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

About Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft on education

Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)

Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft Quotes

Mary Wollsonecraft resources at Erratic Impact's Feminism Web

Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft — Infoplease.com

The Literary Gothic Mary Wollstonecraft

Mary Wollstonecraft

Guardian Unlimited Arts blog - books Mary Wollstonecraft's intelligent protest


Jean le Rond d'Alembert

Jean le Rond d'Alembert - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jean le Rond d'Alembert Encyclopedia - Jean le Rond d'Alembert

D'Alembert biography

D'Alembert, Jean Le Rond - Encyclopedia of Earth

Jean-le-Rond D'Alembert (1717 - 1783)

About d'Alembert

Preliminary Discourse to the Encyclopedia of Diderot

d'Alembert, Jean-le-Rond (1717-1783) -- from Eric Weisstein's ...

Jean Le Rond d'Alembert

Jean Le Rond d'Alembert@Everything2.com

Jean Le Rond D Alembert - LoveToKnow 1911

Jean le Rond d' Alembert — Infoplease.com

Jean Le Rond d' Alembert - Encyclopedia.com

Encyclopedia of Diderot & d'Alembert - Collaborative Translation Project

Jean le Rond Alembert Biography


Emilie du Chatelet

Émilie du Châtelet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

BlueStocking - Emilie du Chatelet: The Multi-Tasking Marquise: Interesting article.

Cabinet Magazine Online - Object Lesson - Objet de Lux

Emilie du Châtelet Criticism

Emilie du Châtelet the genius without a beard - physicsworld.com

Gabrielle Emilie le Tonnelier de Breteuil du Chatelet - and Voltaire


Emilie du Chatelet

NOVA Einstein's Big Idea Ancestors of E = mc2 m PBS

Chatelet biography


The scientist whom history forgot Science Guardian Weekly

Emilie du Chatelet

Gabrielle-Emilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Chatelet -Lomont (1706-1749)

Gabrielle Émilie, Marquise du Châtelet-Laumont (1706-1749)

Emilie du Chatelet 1706 - 1749, Voltaire,

Voltaire and Emilie du Chatelet

Emilie du Chatelet—Female Scientist « Kate_Porsche

Emilie du Châtelet

Ockham's Razor - 10-06-01 The Story of Emilie du Chatelet

CYRANO » Blog Archive » Emilie du Châtelet, the woman behind Voltaire

Emilie du Chatelet

David Bodanis - Passionate Minds

The Portraits of Emilie

Women in Science HER-STORY THEN

Emilie du Chatelet - Women in science - Socialist Party


Emilie du Chatelet Articles and Information


The scientific collaboration of Voltaire and Emily du Chatelet - page 1


Peter the Great

Peter the Great (Peter I)

Peter the Great

Peter the Great of Russia


Russian Peter the Great

Peter the Great- 1689-1725

Peter I, czar of Russia. The Columbia Encyclopedia

Peter I of Russia - LoveToKnow 1911

Peter I and the Azov Fleet

Russia's Reforming Tsar- Peter the Great

Peter I -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia

Peter the Great — Infoplease.com

History of the World - Russia under the Romanovs

Peter The Great

Peter the Great

Peter the Great - MSN Encarta

Peter I "the Great" Romanov, czar of Russia (1682-1725)

The Reforms of Peter I of Russia Scott MacLean


The Baldwin Project- The Awakening of Europe by M. B. Synge

 Peter I, czar of Russia — Infoplease.com

 Peter and Russian History : Reprint of a university lecture attempts to answer questions regarding Peter the Great's inheritance, Western European influences and his legacy.

 The Personality of Peter the Great: Describes the Imperial Russian ruler's personal and physical traits, his habits, excesses, opinions, and strengths.

 History & Culture of Russia / The Romanovs

Peter's Russia : In this lecture by Dr. Rempel, you learn how the Russian Empire became a major player when Peter took over as Czar. A good general overview leading up to Peter's reign can be found here.

The Legacy of Peter I: Chronicles the successes of the Russian Navy and its development as an organized fleet under Peter the Great.

 Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia The W2N.net Wikipedia

 Table of Ranks || Bucknell University : Shows the organization of the nobility in Imperial Russia as established by Peter the Great, including the Civil Service, the Army and the Navy.

 Peter the Great - Modern History Sourcebook :  PRIMARY SOURCE

 Summer Palace of Peter the Great and the Summer Gardens in St. Petersburg, Russia


Benjamin Franklin

Quick Biography of Benjamin Franklin

The World of Benjamin Franklin and

Benjamin Franklin and His Inventions

Benjamin Franklin | PBS

Benjamin Franklin- A Documentary History -- J.A. Leo Lemay

Benjamin Franklin - Ben's Guide to US Government

SPECTRUM Biographies - Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin- An Enlightened American

Inventor Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin and Electricity

Benjamin Franklin- A Man of Many Talents

The Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary

Benjamin Franklin's Autobiography: Primary source.

Biography of Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin- Biography from Answers.com


John Adams

American President- John Adams:  In-depth essays created by the University of Virginia on John Adams's life and administration.

John Adams- Official Web Site

John Adams

John Adams: Official Web Site

Biography of John Adams, page 1 | Colonial Hall

USA: Biography of John Adams

John Adams — Infoplease.com

John Adams (president of United States) -- Britannica Online

John Adams

John Adams Library


Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush — Infoplease.com

Benjamin Rush

Pennsylvania Hospital History- Stories - Dr. Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush - Biography

Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush- Biography from Answers.com

Dr. Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush (United States statesman and physician ...

Benjamin Rush Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com ...

Benjamin Rush Biography

The History Guy- Dr. Benjamin Rush- Founding Father (1745-1813)

What were Benjamin Rush's views on mental illness- | Smart QandA ...

Mental Wellness - History of Mental Illness

American Revolution- Benjamin Rush

Benjamin Rush on health and the American revolution.

Benjamin Rush- philosopher of the American Revolution, from Trans ...

historymike- Benjamin Rush- Revolutionary Psychology

Benjamin Rush on Health andthe American Revolution

What were Benjamin Rush's views on slavery- | Smart QandA- Answers ...

Benjamin Rush, On Slave-Keeping, 1773