Daniel Macmurphy was born in Bally Castle, County Antrim, Ireland, in 1737. He came to South Carolina and Georgia in 1756. Landed at Savannah and being met by George Galphin, under whose auspices he came, and who had come to America sometime before and established himself as an Indian trader with a trading station at Silver Bluff, South Carolina; on the Savannah River near Fort Augusta.
This station was a small fort or block house, built of brick brought over from England. Judging from the ruins that still remain, it was of one room and situated at a bend in the river, giving a view both up and down river for about a mile in each direction.
Trade goods consisting mostly of tinware, beads, brightly colored cloth, small ornaments, cheap jewelry, etc., were sold and traded in. Indians from Tallapoosa River valley, Alabama and Tennessee would make the journey and exchange their wares at the post. The special ware of Indians was an oil made from the hickory nut and walnut, and which was generally used by the Colonists in lieu of butter. This oil sold for the equivalent of seventy five cents a quart.
Daniel Macmurphy was liked by the Indians that lived in the vicinity (the Catawbas), and was always friendly with them, making trips to their country and visiting their camps, sometimes staying with them months at a time. He was elected a member of one of the neighboring tribes; tradition says that he was made a chief; which points out that he was trusted and respected by them.
On June 18th, 1776, Daniel Macmurphy was made a Justice of the Peace of St. Georges Parish and on July 2nd, 1776, he was made Justice of the Peace of Queensborough District of Georgia after the authority of the British Crown had been overthrown and replaced by a provisional Government.
On July 30th, 1776, Daniel Macmurphy was appointed a Lieutenant Colonel, commanding a battalion of Foot Malitia of Queensborough District (see State Officers Appointments, Commission Book B, 1754-1827, page 273, Ga.) By provisional Governor Archibald Bullock. Recorded September 13, 1777.
On March 1st., 1778, Daniel Macmurphy was appointed Assistant Justice, Burke County, and held this position until February 8th, 1783.
On March 9th, 1778, he was appointed to administer Adjuration Oath, in Burke County March Th 1778 to January 28th, 1789.
On October 26th, 1778, he was appointed Commissioner to purchase provisions for Burke County.
January 10th, 1779, he was appointed Commissary of Burke County.
It was about this time that Daniel Macmurphy married Susannah Crossley, daughter of William Crossley and Martha Galphin, (Sister of George Galphin). The British a few days later captured Augusta under Lieut.-Col. Archibald Campbell. It was, however, evacuated a month later and Augusta remained the seat of government of Georgia, almost the entire time to the end of the War. To be exact, until May 1780 when it was abandoned by patriots and was occupied chiefly by Loyalists under Lieut.-Col. Thomas Brown.
In October, 1779, General Lincoln who laid seige to Savannah was forced to retreat and the patriots from the coast having no protection refuged to Augusta and Daniel Macmurphy was appointed one of a commission of four to grant land to them, and to build a court house and jail, to select desirable sites for a church and academy.
Daniel Macmurphy was elected to House of Representatives, from Burke County, 1780-1781-1782-Ex., 1784 (Declined).
He was a member of Executive Council, Burke County 1780.
In May, 1780, the British seized Augusta and members of the Legislature and officers of Continental army and malitia when they found it impossible to withstand the enemy, evacuated the town and journeyed north to join the army of General Greene.
In May, 1781, a strong force of troops under Lt.-Col. Henry Lee, besieged the City of Augusta and gained possession on June 5th, and naturally the provisional government of Georgia again functioned. Daniel Macmurphy a few months later, was appointed Commissioner to collect property of disloyal persons. (August 18th, 1781)
On September 8th, Colonel and Mrs. Macmurphy were again in the field, for both were present at the battle of Eutaw Springs, South Carolina, at this time.
Daniel Macmurphy was appointed Superintendent of Indian Affairs, January 12th, 1782- October 23rd, 1782.
Register of Probates, Burke County, Feb. 5th, 1783.
In December, 1808, Robert McRae, Richard Wilde, Daniel Macmurphy . . . . . etc., were incorporated as the "The Thespian Society and Library Company of Augusta, Ga." and appear to have rebuilt the theater in the same place, where it continued till 1823. Tradition relates that the elder Booth, Thomas Althorp Cooper and other noted actors performed there. (See History of Augusta, page 291-par. 1)
Page 132. McMurphy, Daniel. Certificate as refugee soldier. John Twiggs, Brig. Gen., Jan. 27th, 1784, Ex. Order for Bounty upon 2nd certificate of John Twiggs, B.G.
John Twiggs, B.G. (Missing), Jan. 29th, 1784 petitioner prays(?) 575 acres in Washington County.
The records of the Georgia Legislature mentioned MacMurphy a number of times. They say that on June 18th, 1776, Daniel Macmurphy waited on the board and qualified as a Justice of the Peace for the parish of St. George. On July 2nd, 1776, he was one of a number of men who were recommended and approved as magistrates for the district of Queensbourough. In September 1782, a record is given of a sale of confiscated estates conducted by MacMurphy. In the Executive council minutes for October 23, 1782, we find a Col. Daniel Macmurphy named as superintendent of Indian affairs. In the county survey, dated June 11, 1784, we find MacMurphy's name on a certified list of Georgia troops. In another place he is mentioned as a member of Georgia General Assembly.
Page 271. Recorded by the Surveyor General and preserved in the office of Secretary of State, Atlanta, Ga. McMurphy, Daniel. 575 acres Washington County, bounded north Heir's of Geo. Cook; other sides vacant cut by deep creek, survey 450 June 11, 1784, page 228.
Magistrate, Justice of Peace - Purchaser of Provisions-Councillor of Indian Affairs.
Named by title Colonel MacMurphy, 1781
Named by title Colonel McMurphy 1782
Register of probates, 1783 Burke County
Archives and History of Georgia.
Member of General Assembly, Land Grants asked for services in Revolutionary army. Rank not given.
Daniel Macmurphy, born in Bally Castle, Ireland. Came to South Carolina and Georgia in 1756. He came under the auspices of George Golphin, the celebrated Indian Agent of the time. He was associated in business with Galphin and their trades were very extensive, extending as far as Mobile and carried on both overland and by sea, the carrying vessels rounding the peninsular of Florida and skirting the coast to the mouth of the Savannah River and thence coming up the River to Fort Galphin, a few miles below Augusta on the South Carolina side of the River. A trading station was established on the eastern boundary of Augusta where Kirkpatrick plantation now stands.
Macmurphy married a niece of George Galphin in 1779. He was appointed a member of legislature that met in Augusta in 1780. He was appointed one of a commission to grant land to refugees from the coast, whose lands and houses had been seized by the British; also to straighten the streets of Augusta, to lay out roads, to build a court house and jail, to select desirable lots for a church and academy, to direct the building of houses at proper distances from the street and of proper size.
The British seized Augusta later in 1780. Members of the Legislature, officers of the Continental army and malitia, when they found it impossible to withstand the enemy, evacuated the town and journeyed north to join the army of Colonel Greene on its way to relieve South Carolina. Mrs. Macmurphy with her sister followed the army on foot. They went as far north as Fredericksburg, Va. And at the home of Mrs. Archibald Yuille, her first child was born, in compliment named Archibald Yuille in addition to George Galphin. Mrs. Macmurphy left the army on its way south and was present at the battles of Guilford Court House, Eutaw Springs and Cowpens, where she did effective service in binding wounds.
Daniel Macmurphy was a member of the Legislature of 1784, A Commissioner in the Indian Treaty of 1786 at Shoulder Bone. Following is a memorandum of the authority for the foregoing statement:
Watkin's Digest of the Laws of Georgia. Atlanta Constitution of July 21st, 1889. Marbury's Digest of Laws of Georgia. Family tradition. Verification of the Daniel Macmurphy papers of Mrs. Sarah S. Adams.
Lineage Book. National Society, D.A.R. Vol. vi - 1894 Daniel Macmurphy is listed under "Roll of Honor" in index pages 54, 138, 218. Data on file. (Willie Macmurphy)
Susannah Crossley Macmurphy, daughter of William Crossley and wife Martha Galphin, both of Ireland. She died in Augusta December 12, 1818. She assisted in taking care of the soldiers, wounded at the battles of Eutaw Springs and Guilford.
Capt. Daniel Macmurphy born in Antrim, Ireland, came to Georgia in 1756, identified himself with the colonists and served his country during the Revolutionary War as soldier and legislator. Died October 27, 1819, age 82 years.
Records of the Georgia Legislature mention Daniel Macmurphy a number of times. They say that on June 18th, 1776, Daniel Macmurphy waited on the Board and qualified as Justice of the Peace for the Parish of St. George. On July 2nd, 1776, he was one of a number of men who were recommended and approved as magistrates for the District Queensborough.
In September, 1782, a record is given of a sale of confiscated estates conducted by Macmurphy. In the Executive Council minutes of October 23, 1782, we find a Colonel Daniel Macmurphy named Superintendent of Indian Affairs. In the County survey, dated June 11th, 1784, we find Macmurphy's name on a certified list of Georgia troops. In another place he is mentioned as a member of the Georgia General Assembly. . . .
Certificate as refuge soldier signed by Brig. General John Twiggs, Commander of a Partisan Regiment proves that he belonged to the Georgia Malitia and two petitions for 575 acres of land would indicate his rank as Colonel. He is spoken of by Grimke, in his "Journal of the Campaign to the South" July 1778 as Colonel Macmurphy, in the operations of both partisans malitia and continental troops in and around Augusta. His name appears in the certified list of soldiers of the true (Continental) in the records of Secretary of State of Georgia.
A full account of John Twiggs, from the beginning of his career in the army as Captain, Colonel, Brig. General, Major General, is given in White's statistics of Georgia, page 564 - 569 under Twiggs County, This shows his activities in and around Augusta, under General Lincoln in Savannah and under General Gates at Camden, after Lincoln's retreat - later, as taking command after Sumter was wounded, and raising a partisan legion in Georgia, under authority conferred upon him by General Greene. Also, accounts in C.C. Jone's History of Georgia, Col. 11, pages 404 and following . . . . .
Daniel Macmurphy's certificate for Bounty Grant is signed by John Twiggs as proof of service. The fact that he was spoken of as Colonel Macmurphy by Grimke in his Journal of the Campaign towards the south, July 1778, substantiates the fact that he is the same Colonel Daniel Macmurphy because of the locality around Augusta and the encounters with the British Scout McGirt and Colonel Brown. The difficulty of obtaining a commission lies in the fact that Twiggs was a partisan leader, commanding small bodies of detached light troops of volunteer malitia, organizing as the occasion demanded and operating in Georgia as Sumter and Pickens did in Carolina and sometimes with them.
Statements of service in army, both on tombstone and in family records are substantiated by facts of History: The retreat of General Lincoln after the seige of Savannah made it necessary for all families not putting themselves under protection of the British, to flee the State under the protection of the American army. This was the period when Daniel Macmurphy became a refugee soldier.
Susannah Macmurphy bound up wounds of soldiers after battle of Guilford Court House March 15th, 1781, after which General Green retreated to Petersburg, the fartherest point reached by the army: Later at Eutaw Springs, September 8th, 1781, when General Greene fought in his last campaign.
"Daniel Macmurphy was member of first Legislature and appointed to select a location for an institution of learning, The Athens College, Franklin University, now the University of Georgia. On the minutes of the Executive Council and Journal of Land Grants of Georgia, we find that on November 20th, 1781 an order that Colonel Daniel Macmurphy be permitted to draw rations for his family agreeable to the regulations of the Council, he to be accountable. On October 23rd, 1782, he is honorably dismissed as Supt. Of Indian Affairs. One reference given is: Colonial Records of Georgia, Vol. 2 and 3."
S.C. History and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. xii, No. 4, October, 1911. Journal of the Campaign to the Southward, May 9 - July, 1778, by: John Faucheraud Grimke: July, Page 192. In an account given by deserters to the Governor's Camp.
"Col. Macmurphy had actually marched on the 29th" (This in connection with the activities of Col. Brown's retreat from Fort Tonya and the wounding of the British Scout McGirt.)
Appendix - Lists of Headright Grants and Revolutionary Soldiers copied from records in office of Secretary of State of Georgia.
Headrights: Page 588. 1764 - 1774. St. George, Jefferson, Screven, Halifax - Daniel McMurphy.
Page 589. Richmond County. 1785 - 1787. Daniel McMurphy.
Page 620. Soldiers of the Line. Daniel McMurphy.
Page 244. Literary and Thespian Society. Organized in Augusta, 1808 with following members: Dan Mac Murphy
Section 24, page 322. "And be it further exacted by the authority aforesaid, that William Glascock, George Walton, Daniel McMurphy, John Twiggs and George Well, Esqrs, or any three of them, be a board of commissioners for acting under this Act respecting the town of Augusta. Jan. 23, 1780. At the time, Augusta was made the seat of Government and was in need of rehabilitation. George Galphin lived at Silver Bluff on the Carolina side.
Page 101. Orangeburg Dist. (South Part) "George Golphin" (Evidently Estate as no head or member of family is enumerated only "All other free persons. 5 slaves------------15")
"Rachel Golphin", with one son over 16 years and five slaves.
Page 99. George Crossley, head, with one female, including head, His wife, - slaves.
Rachel Crossley, widow, with three sons under 16, 1 slave.
S.C. History and Genealogy. Vol. vii No. 4 Oct. 1906. Bounty Grants to Rev. Soldiers. (Continentals) Vol. iv, Secty State, S.C. Page 218, George Crossley, 420.
Knight S.L. MEMS., Vol. 1, page 896, Augusta, Richmond Co. D.D. McMurphy, Sergeant, Richmond Blues, Georgia Regiment of volunteers under Henry R. Jackson of Savannah, Ga., Mexican War, 1845. (Son of Daniel Macmurphy, Jr.)
Georgia landmarks, Memorials, and Legends. By L.L. Knight. Vol. 11, page 330 - 331.
Underneath a monument, yellow with age, in a corner of the cemetery, near the tomb of Judge Miller, sleeps a soldier of the Revolution Capt. Daniel Macmurphy. For a number of years, he represented Richmond County in the General Assembly of Georgia. The old Patriot's monument is a record of the birth and death of himself and wife, Susannah Crossley Macmurphy.
Daniel Macmurphy (1737 - 1819) from Ireland, settled on McBean Creek, Ga. Indian trader and was made chief of tribe, served with Gen. Nathaniel Greene, surveyed and mapped town of Augusta, Ga., member first Georgia Legislature; married Susannah Crossley.
Married Kizia Parish Martin (Granddaughter of Abraham Martin, who fought under General Washington.)
Page 374. Georgia troops, published as appendix E, in the third annual report of the N.S.D.A.R. to the Smithsonian Institute. Senate Documents, Vol. 16, No. 219, 56th Congress, 2nd Session, 1900 - 1901, P. 347, 368.
Page 387. Daniel McMurphy.
Page 405. The Harvey List. Appendix F, 3rd Annual Report of N.S.D.A.R. to Smithsonian Institute. Senate Documents, Vol. 16, No. 219, 56th Congress, 2nd Session, 1900-1901. Page 369-393.
Page 422. McMurphy, Daniel. Member of General Assembly. Daniel Macmurphy's certificate was signed by Gen. John Twiggs, therefore he served under him.
Georgia's Roster of the Revolution. By L.L. Knight, 1920.
Page 21. Certificate of service in the American Revolution. On file in the office of the Secretary of State in the State Capital.
Born in Antrim, Ireland, he came to Georgia in 1756, identified himself with the Colony and served his country during the Revolutionary War as soldier and legislator -
She died in Augusta December 12th, 1818. She assisted in Taking care of the wounded in the battles of Eutaw and Guilford.
Daniel Macmurphy, Jr., departed this life on 17th of September, 1839, age 51 years, 9 months, 15 days.
Mary Drummond Lamb, wife of Daniel Macmurphy, Jr., born in Augusta, Ga., July 18th, 1798; died September 14th, 1888.
This document was provided by Suzanne Bourne Johnston, P.O. 245, Bunnell, Florida 32110. Her e-mail address is: ABJPotato@aol.com (April 1998)