The Hundred Years War

Website by Joe Kage and Rusty Politte

Information
People
Battles
Weaponry
Links

Information:

The One Hundred Year War lasted between 1337-1453.  The English Kings were French Feudal lords who resented royal encroachment on there jurisdiction.  The British also tried to dominate Scotland.  The French assisted the Scots, which fueled there hatred for one another to extremes.  This friction led to fighting between 1294-1339, which the foot soldiers defeated the Calvary twice, severely.  Even more friction erupted when Edward 3 (King of England) claimed the french throne from his mother, Isabella, king Charles King Charles IV's sister.  Over 3, 20 year periods of intense warfare were 1340-60, 1369-89, and 1415-35.  The English won most of the first victories.  Edward claimed the French throne , Defeated the French fleet at Sluys, and attacked on two fronts.  A argued succession in Brittany opened a third front in 1341.  During the 1360s the French developed a system of regular taxation.  The government became politically and military stronger by regaining of the northwestern nobles who opposed the regime in recent decades.  The English rule came to Charles V of France for support in 1369, and the war resumed with impressive French victories.  In the 1370s a stalemate developed, and in 1389 a period of prolonged truce began.  When the French led by Joan of Arc, stopped them at Orleans and had Charles VII crowned at Reims.  In 1435 the French crown finally made peace with Burgundy.

People:

Joan of Arc, (Maid of Orleans), is a patron saint of France and national heroine.  She led the the resistance to the English invasion of France in the One Hundred Years War.  She was the third child out of five, from her parents, Jacques Darc and his wife Isabelle de Vouthon in the town of Domremy.  As a child she spent her time tending her fathers herd and learning religion and housekeeping from her mother.  Joan was about 12 years old before she started hearing "voices" of St. Michael, St. Catherine, and St. Margaret believing they were sent from god.  They told her that her life mission was to free her country from English rule.  They also told her to cut her hair, dress like a man, and pick up the arms.  By 1429 England had all of France occupied north of the Loire.  After Joan convinced all the dauphin's forces and the dauphin himself, she was given troops to command at the rank of Captain.  At the battle of Orleans in May of 1429, Joan led her troops to a great victory of the English.  She also fought in other locations along the Loire.  The English were so afraid of the troops under her command, that when she and her troops would enter the battle field most of the English troops would flee.  In 1430 Joan was captured by the Burgundians, they later sold her to the English which handed her over the the Court at Rouen led by Pierre Cauchon.  She was tried for witchcraft and heresy.  after a forty-nine month interrogation on May 30, 1431, Joan was burned at the stake in the town marketplace, King Charles VII  made no attempt to rescue her.

Battles:
The Battle of Agincourt, began at dawn on the 25th of october. Both armies had been positioned all night. The French was at the worst possible position. The French were in two woods: The woods were Tremecourt and Agincourt, the woods were about three quarters of a mile apart.. The woods closed at a point that is where the French would meet the English. This gap held 25,000 French. As dawn rose neither French or English were in no mood to fight.  The two armies drew up there battle formations. The French's 25,000 had 15,000 mounted knights.  They drew their riders up in five ranks, the first two dismounted, with a few cross bowmen in among them.  The French knights were arguing about whether or not to charge.  Still the French did not move and while the French were arguing the English snuck up within 300 yards.  Then they fired a thousand arrows into the French.  The French charged without any specific order.  Many French knights sophisticated in the mud while others were stabbed threw the joints in the armor.  The English lost 500 while the French lost 10,000.

The Battle of Crecy, was Fought on a Saturday, August 26, 1346.  The French numbered 36,000, while the English numbered 12,000, which 7,000 were archers.  The distance between the two forces was 2,000 yards, the English were on a gentle ridge near the town.  Each English archer carried 48 arrows into battle, if they needed more they would go back through the lines.  The weight of the draw weight were about 80 to 120, and an arrow could be shot from 250 to 300 yards.  A skilled archer could get of 10 arrows a minute and an average number of arrows shot during a battle were half a million.  There were also about 14 to 16 charges against the English.

Links to other pages:

Ms. Weid's Hundred Years' War page You can find more information and links on this page.

This page written by:  Joe Kage

QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS:

 Email Joe or Rusty