BATTLE OF STIRLING BRIDGE  and BATTLE OF FALKIRK


 

BATTLE OF STIRLING BRIDGE

       At Stirling Bridge, Scotland William Wallace and Edward Longshanks, the King of England, engaged in their first historically acknowledged battle.  This battle occurred as a result of Wallace’s destruction in the previous months to Longshanks outposts through out Scotland. Wallace's army was mainly of low social status and most of their weapons were hand made.  The Scottish army amounted to only 5,000 men with 100 knights.  While the English army consisted of 50,000 foot soldiers, 4000 archers and 1000 heavy calvary.  Although Wallace was greatly outnumbered, he did have a small advantage.  He had the high ground and knew the area much better than his adversaries General Cressingham and General Surrey.  Wallace had created a plan that would demise the English army quicker that any one could have ever imagined.

       On September 11, 1297, the day of the battle Wallace and the Scottish knight Andrew De Moray, one of the few Scottish trained soldiers to take part in the liberation, marched their small volunteer army to Stirling Bridge and waited very impatiently for the enormous English army. Wallace's brilliant plan was to let the majority of the English army cross the aged wooden bridge and then cut the supports, splitting their forces and killing the men still on the old structure. Now with the English's forces split in half the Scottish had gained a major advantage, the English were in disarray and they were waiting patiently for Wallace's command.  Another advantage the Scots had was the ground on the side the bridge the English were now on was very wet, almost like a marsh, making it nearly impossible for the English's mighty war horses to have any effect on the Scots.  When the call was sounded the Scots fearlessly charged down from the steep slopes of the Abbey Craig screaming ferociously swinging their weapons with out thought it was just an act of pure reaction.  The English were being slain almost effortlessly when the Scots finally reached the battlefield.  Wallace now had the greatest army in Christendom trapped in the bend of the river with no hope of aid from their allies except for their archers, which at this point had a better chance of hitting one of their own than the Scots.  The archers did wound some Scots, but not enough to change the out come of the battle.  The English soldiers were being killed unmercifully, pulled from their horses and with their throats slit were left to die.